Oral cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the tissues of the throat or mouth. Oral cancer comes under a larger group of cancer called head and neck cancers.
Oral cancer includes the following areas:
- The lining of the cheek
- The floor of the mouth
Symptoms & signs of oral cancer are as follows:
- Soreness in the mouth
- Loose teeth
- Bleeding from your mouth
- Difficulty swallowing
- Dramatic weight loss
- Pain while swallowing
- Lump in your neck
- Numbness in lower lip, face, neck, or chin
- White, red and white, or red patches in or on your mouth or lips
- A sore throat
- Jaw & tongue pain
The treatment used for oral cancer in India
According to the Best oncologist in India, Dr, Sandeep Nayak “The type of treatment for oral cancer completely depends on the location, type and stage of the cancer tumor at diagnosis. “
- Surgery: Early- stage cancer can be treated with surgery. There are advanced techniques for surgeries like robotic or laparoscopy to remove the tumor of oral cancer.
2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is used to shrink tumor size in that area.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a treatment used to kill cancer cells.
- Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is effective in all stages of oral cancer. This treatment drug used to interfere with cancer cell growth.
The detailed information about surgery as cancer treatment are as follow
Neck Dissection surgery is used to treat oral cancer at an early stage. For the advanced stage the combination of radiation therapy and surgery to used cure oral cancer.
Neck dissection is the surgical process of removing lymph nodes of the neck for treating oral cancer. Approximately 100 lymph nodes can be found on each side of the neck. These lymph nodes are part of our immune system. The function of the lymph node is to trap infection or cancer. Lymph nodes have predictable patterns of drainage and they are anatomically organized into compartments in the neck. When lymph nodes are involved by cancer, surgery may be necessary. The surgery is designed to remove involved or potentially involved lymph nodes or a group of lymph nodes. This surgery is known as neck dissection.
The extent of surgery required will depend on several factors.
- Size of tumor
- Location of the original tumor
- The extent of lymph nodes involvement
- Any prior treatment of the patient
Neck dissections are performed through an incision or incisions in the neck and then surgery is performed to remove the tumor.
Types of Neck dissection
- Radical Neck Dissection
- Modified radical neck dissection
- Functional neck dissection
- Selective neck dissection
- Extended neck dissection
Selective neck dissection is a common type of neck dissection. The above treatments are the same procedure only the change is in the number of neck lymph nodes levels removed.
The need for neck dissection is to treat oral cancer and thyroid cancer. In traditional open cancer surgery, there are many incisions over a neck as per the requirement to remove cancer. Sometimes larger incisions are involved in surgery that leaves a bad scar over the neck.
Nowadays, advanced treatments are available to treat cancer. The minimally invasive surgeries like Robotic or Laparoscopy cancer surgery have several benefits to patients. In this surgery, small 3-4 incisions are made near the color bone and surgery is performed by expert doctors.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is one of the best surgical oncologists in India who has more than 21 years of experience in Robotic as well as laparoscopy cancer surgery. He is a pioneer of minimally invasive surgery in India.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is also a pioneer of Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection (MIND) for oral cancer in India. Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection (MIND) is an advanced version of laparoscopy surgery. In the MIND surgery, the surgeon has clear access to the neck via a small incision near the color bone. The cancer tumor is operated by a small incision and then the tumor is removed. Sometimes minimally invasive neck dissection is assisted with radiotherapy which is much quicker than it is in open cancer surgery.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the best Cancer Specialist in Bangalore also prefers laparoscopy cancer surgery over traditional open surgery as it offers several benefits to the patient. The different benefits of minimally invasive surgery over traditional open surgery are as follows:
|Traditional open surgery||Minimally invasive surgery|
|Patient experiences pain throughout and after the surgery||Very little pain throughout the surgery|
|Blood loss during the surgery||Less blood loss in the course of surgery|
|Large incisions are made in this surgery, there are visible scars after the surgery||Small 3-4 incisions are made during the surgery, so there are minimally visible scars|
|Little slow recovery as compared to minimally invasive surgery||The faster recovery of the patient|
|Risk of complication is higher during the surgery||Less risk of complication during surgery|
|High risk of infection after surgery||Low risk of infection after surgery|
|The long stay in the hospital||The short stay in the hospital|
These are the advantages of minimal invasive neck dissection surgery for oral cancer.
Why choose Dr. Sandeep Nayak for oral cancer treatment?
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is one of the best oncologists in India with 20+ years of experience in surgical oncology. Dr. Sandeep Nayak has done a fellowship in Laparoscopic and Robotic Oncology Surgery.
Dr. Nayak has expertise in robotics and laparoscopy cancer surgery. He always favors minimally invasive cancer surgery for the patient’s benefits. Dr. Sandeep Nayak has surgical experience in Thoracic Cancer, Gynecologic Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Breast Cancer, etc.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak has also introduced treatment for thyroid cancer in India named as Robotic-Assisted Breast- Axillo Insufflated Thyroidectomy (RABIT).
If you are looking for oral cancer treatment in India then Dr. Sandeep Nayak will be the preferable choice.